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Trichomoniasis Treatment

Trichomoniasis treatment usually includes a prescription for the drug metronidazole. In the majority of cases, this drug is successful in curing the infection. However, if the initial trichomoniasis treatment fails, a person may be treated with the same drug for a longer time and at a higher dose, or with additional drugs. All sexual contact must be avoided until both partners have been treated successfully for the disease.

Trichomoniasis Treatment: An Introduction

Trichomoniasis treatment typically involves the prescription drug metronidazole, given by mouth in a single dose. Metronidazole can be used by pregnant women after the first trimester of pregnancy. This type of trichomoniasis treatment usually cures the disease.
 
The symptoms of trichomoniasis in infected men may disappear within a few weeks without treatment. However, an infected man, even a man who has never had symptoms or whose symptoms have stopped, can continue to infect or reinfect a female partner until he has been successfully treated. Therefore, both partners should receive trichomoniasis treatment at the same time to eliminate the parasite.
 
As part of trichomoniasis treatment, people should avoid sex until they and their sex partners complete treatment and have no symptoms.
 
Having trichomoniasis once does not protect a person from getting it again. Even after successful treatment, people can still be susceptible to reinfection.
 

What to Do If Trichomoniasis Treatment Fails

If the initial trichomoniasis treatment fails, you may be treated with the same drug for a longer time and at a higher dose. Or, your doctor may prescribe more than one drug to treat you.
 

Preventing Trichomoniasis

Things you can do to protect yourself from trichomoniasis include:
 
  • Don't have sex. The best way to prevent trichomoniasis -- or any sexually transmitted disease (STD) -- is to practice abstinence by not having vaginal, oral, or anal sex.
     
  • Be faithful. Only have sex with one partner who has been tested for trichomoniasis and is not infected. This is another way to reduce your chances of getting infected. Be faithful to each other, meaning that neither partner has sex with anyone else.
     
  • Use condoms. Protect yourself with a condom every time you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Condoms should be used for any type of sex with every partner. For vaginal sex, use a latex male condom or a female polyurethane condom. For anal sex, use a latex male condom. For oral sex, use a dental dam. A dental dam is a rubbery material that can be placed over the anus or the vagina before sexual contact.
     
  • Don't share swimsuits or towels. The trichomoniasis parasite can live outside the body for up to 45 minutes and can be transmitted through contact with damp or moist objects that have the parasite on them.
     
  • Know that some methods of birth control, like birth control pills, shots, implants, or diaphragms, will not protect you from STDs. If you use one of these methods, be sure to also use a latex condom or dental dam (for oral sex) correctly every time you have sex.
     
  • Talk with your sex partner(s) about STDs and using condoms. It's up to you to make sure you are protected. Remember, it's your body!
     
  • Talk frankly with your doctor or nurse and your sex partner(s) about any STDs either partner currently has or had in the past. Try not to be embarrassed. Having this conversation could save your life.
     

Information on Trichomoniasis

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