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Women who want to prevent pregnancy may consider using ParaGard® (the copper IUD). This prescription contraceptive is thought to work by interfering with the sperm's ability to reach the egg, blocking fertilization of the egg, or preventing implantation of an embryo.
This device is inserted into the uterus by a healthcare provider. It can remain in place for up to 10 to 12 years. Possible side effects include spotting between periods and heavier, longer periods.
Before starting this method of birth control, discuss ParaGard's safety information with your healthcare provider. Because this contraceptive is not suitable for everyone, your healthcare provider needs to be aware of any medical problems you may have, such as a history of pelvic infections, an ectopic pregnancy, or uterine cancer.
(For more information on this birth control method, click ParaGard. This full-length article contains a complete overview of this contraceptive, including details on what to expect while using it, who makes it, and more.)