STD Home > What Is Introvale Used For?
The primary use for Introvale is as an oral contraceptive (birth control pill). The medication prevents pregnancy by stopping ovulation and by making the lining of the uterus less receptive to an embryo. It is an ideal choice for women who wish to have fewer periods, since women who take Introvale only have their period every three months.
An Overview of Uses for IntrovaleIntrovale™ (levonorgestrel/ethinyl estradiol) is a prescription birth control pill (oral contraceptive). Unlike traditional birth control pills, Introvale is an "extended-cycle" contraceptive, allowing for menstrual periods only once every three months (four periods per year), instead of once every month. Introvale is a generic version of Seasonale®.
A variety of different birth control options are available today. Each particular method has its own advantages and disadvantages, and no one method is right for all women. Some of the most commonly used birth control methods include:
- Combined hormonal contraceptives: These contain a progestin and an estrogen, and include most birth control pills (including Introvale), patches, and rings
- Progestin-only contraceptives: Some birth control pills ("mini pills"), injections, and implants
- Periodic abstinence: Also known as natural family planning or the rhythm method, this refers to avoiding intercourse during the fertile phase of your menstrual cycle
- Withdrawal: Removing the penis from the vagina prior to ejaculation
- Barrier contraceptives: Condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and various other methods that physically block the sperm from entering the uterus
- Spermicides: Foams, jellies, gels, suppositories, and inserts
- Intrauterine devices (IUDs): Implanted devices that are both effective and reversible
- Surgical sterilization: Tubal ligation (getting your "tubes tied") or a vasectomy (for men).
Some methods of birth control fall into more than one category. For instance, the Today® sponge works as both a barrier contraceptive and a spermicide. Introvale falls into the category of combined hormonal contraceptives, as it contains both an estrogen (ethinyl estradiol) and a progestin (levonorgestrel). Some of the benefits of combined hormonal contraceptives include:
- An effective and relatively easy-to-use form of birth control
- Lighter menstrual bleeding
- Regular menstrual cycles
- Less menstrual pain
- A decreased risk of ovarian or endometrial cancer (cancer of the lining of the uterus).
However, combined hormonal contraceptives may increase the risk of blood clots and other problems, and not all women should take them (see Precautions and Warnings With Introvale for more information). As with almost all methods of birth control, combined hormonal contraceptives must be used correctly and consistently to ensure their effectiveness.
In addition, Introvale does not protect against HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). In many situations, it is advisable to use condoms in addition to Introvale to prevent transmission of STDs.