What Is Gianvi Used For?
Women primarily use Gianvi for preventing pregnancy. However, it can also be used to treat acne or premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Gianvi is approved only for females who have started their menstrual periods. This birth control pill works to prevent pregnancy by stopping ovulation, as well as by altering the cervical mucus and the lining of the uterus.
Gianvi™ (drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol) is a prescription medication used to prevent pregnancy. It is a generic version of Yaz®, a brand-name birth control pill. In addition to being a birth control pill (an oral contraceptive), Gianvi is also approved to treat the following conditions:
- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in women who desire contraception
- Acne in women who desire contraception.
Many different birth control options are available today. Each method has its own unique advantages and disadvantages, and no particular method is right for all women. Some of the most commonly used birth control methods include:
- Combined hormonal contraceptives (which contain a progestin and an estrogen): Most birth control pills, patches, and rings
- Progestin-only contraceptives: Some birth control pills ("mini pills"), injections, and implants
- Barrier contraceptives: Condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and various other methods that physically block the sperm from entering the uterus
- Spermicides: Foams, jellies, gels, suppositories, and inserts
- Periodic abstinence, sometimes known as natural family planning or the rhythm method: Avoiding intercourse during the fertile phase of your menstrual cycle
- Withdrawal: Removing the penis from the vagina prior to ejaculation
- Intrauterine devices (IUDs): Implanted devices that are both effective and reversible
- Surgical sterilization: Tubal ligation (getting your "tubes tied") or a vasectomy (for men).
Some methods of contraception fall into more than one category. For instance, the Today® sponge works as both a spermicide and a barrier contraceptive. Gianvi falls into the category of combined hormonal contraceptives, as it contains both an estrogen and a progestin.
Some benefits of combined hormonal contraceptives include:
- An effective form of birth control (when taken correctly)
- A contraceptive that is relatively easy to use (not messy or awkward)
- Lighter and more regular menstrual bleeding
- Less menstrual pain and cramping
- A decreased risk of ovarian or endometrial cancer (cancer of the lining of the uterus).
However, combined hormonal contraceptives may increase the risk of blood clots and other problems, and not all women should take them (see Precautions and Warnings With Gianvi for more information). As with almost all methods of birth control, combined hormonal contraceptives must be used correctly and consistently.
It is important to know that Gianvi does not protect against HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). In many situations, it is advisable to use condoms in addition to Gianvi to prevent the transmission of STDs.