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What Is Enfuvirtide Used For?

Enfuvirtide is used for treating HIV and AIDS in adults and children as young as six years old. The drug works by stopping the HIV virus from multiplying and destroying healthy cells. It is significantly different from most other types of HIV medications because it works on the outside of the cells, rather than the inside. There are currently no off-label enfuvirtide uses.

What Is Enfuvirtide Used For? -- An Overview

Enfuvirtide (Fuzeon®) is a prescription medication used to treat HIV and AIDS. It is the first of a group of medications known as fusion inhibitors. Unfortunately, the drug cannot be taken by mouth; it must be injected just under the skin.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) was initially reported in the United States in 1981. Since then, it has become a significant worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Initially, an HIV infection does not usually cause any obvious symptoms (see HIV Symptoms). However, by killing or damaging cells of the body's immune system, HIV will eventually begin to progressively destroy the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers (see AIDS Symptoms).
HIV is commonly spread through sexual contact with an infected partner. Transmission also happens through contact with infected blood, which frequently occurs among IV drug users (who share needles or syringes contaminated with blood from someone infected with the virus). Women with HIV can transmit the virus to their babies during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.
Enfuvirtide is usually reserved for people who have tried other HIV medications without success and who are, therefore, likely to be resistant to other HIV medications. The drug is not intended to be used alone. Instead, it is used as part of an HIV "cocktail." These cocktails usually consist of three or four different HIV medications (technically known as highly active antiretroviral therapy, or HAART). Using a combination of medications helps to prevent the virus from becoming resistant to one or more of the drugs.

Enfuvirtide Drug Information

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